Bloom’s Taxonomy was created in the 1950s. With a group of psychologists, Benjamin Bloom created Bloom’s Taxonomy, a hierarchical model of the cognitive skills involved in learning. It set the learning objectives for learners and included six levels, namely Knowledge, Comprehension, Application, Analysis, Synthesis, and Evaluation.
The taxonomy served to help researchers and educators understand how people acquire new knowledge and understanding. Bloom’s taxonomy learning objectives were as follows:
Knowledge: This includes recognizing or recalling basic knowledge like the terms, facts, or trends without really understanding what they mean.
Comprehension: This is where facts and ideas are organized and summarized using the main ideas. This is where concepts are differentiated and interpreted by differentiating them from others.
Application: This includes applying the knowledge gained to solve problems. This involves using the acquired knowledge and applying it in current circumstances.
Analysis: Information is broken down into parts and then examined to reveal aid new understanding. Learners study each part and understand their relation to one another.
Synthesis: This includes looking at the pieces as a whole. The information is pieced together, and the learner’s understanding plays an essential role in making sense of the knowledge gained.
Evaluation: Value judgments are made about the content based on the criteria.
What is Bloom’s Revised Taxonomy?
This taxonomy was revised in 2001 by Lorin Anderson, David Krathwohl, and others. The researchers felt the need to include the new understanding that researching was bringing into the field of learning, and thus, the revised taxonomy was born. This revised version included the use of verbs for the nouns in each level. The new levels are Remembering, Understanding, Applying, Analyzing, Evaluating, and Creating. This new taxonomy is made in a way that goes from basic to complex.
Look at the image to know the revised Bloom’s Taxonomy verbs.
Revised Bloom’s Taxonomy Verbs
Some of the verbs may appear under other levels and can be used at varying levels. It is up to the discretion of the course creator according to the complexity of the task set.
What are the ways of applying Bloom’s Taxonomy in eLearning?
There are ways that Bloom’s taxonomy can be used to create your eLearning material. This helps the creator develop courses, and it also increases the effectiveness of the content put forth to the learner. Let us look at how to apply Bloom’s taxonomy in eLearning and look at Bloom’s taxonomy examples at various stages in the corporate world.
This is where the learners will be given knowledge in terms, definitions, facts, or basic concepts. This level is the easiest to implement in eLearning as it covers just the basic content. You may make use of images, videos, animations to convey the content to the learners. A short test may be conducted at the end to know if the learner has taken in the knowledge.
In the healthcare industry, the employees trained with an eLearning course are shown a medical machine’s workings. They are presented with a labeled image that shows the different parts of the device.
Here, the learners are expected to name and identify the various parts. One way to test the learners would be to ask them to identify the images given to understand if they can recognize the different parts of the device.
This is where you can test whether the learners have understood the content presented to them.
When creating a course on handling machinery in the production industry, the learners can be taken through the procedure’s steps by showing a video throwing light on controlling the machinery.
The learners can then be tested on the steps by asking them to sequence the procedure by arranging it correctly. This gives a measure of understanding of the learners.
Getting learners to apply their knowledge into practice can be challenging for the creator of the course. Providing them with simulations, practical tests, branched scenarios, and role-playing activities work best in this case. The creators can create real-life situations using these, and the learners then get an opportunity to apply their knowledge in them.
This is where a deeper understanding of the knowledge is built. Asking questions and letting the learners understand the content by discussing with one another helps in this level. The course creator can weave in options for increased collaboration and discussion in the course by providing forums or chat rooms.
In a course on sales, learners can be asked to compare the sales growth of various regions. When they can compare and distinguish between the knowledge and build on it independently, deep learning occurs.
The learners can now analyze the content based on their expertise. They can now be allowed to serve as mentors for other learners who have just started the course. They can now evaluate the options available to them and make their own decisions.
Learners can be taught to evaluate the quality of products, and they, in turn, would mentor new learners to do the same.
This is the final stage in Bloom’s Taxonomy, and the learners must be able to create new ideas based on what they have learned so far. In the eLearning method, this can be implemented by dividing the learners into groups and then allowing them to develop their ideas.
Learners can be asked to create a sales strategy from scratch and then present it to the leadership.
Thus, Bloom’s Taxonomy provides the learners with a structured approach to learning and allows for self-learning to some extent.
– Jack Messman, former CEO at Novell, Cambridge Technology Partners, Unionacific Resources, Somerset House Corp.
With the world becoming digital day by day, there has been a need for adding to the revised Bloom’s Taxonomy verbs. Andrew Churches gave Bloom’s digital taxonomy for educators to use technology and digital tools in education. Look at the infographic below to know the verbs he used in his version of the taxonomy.