Learning styles in e-learning have become a common topic of consideration in L&D today. Learning styles are people’s behaviors and preferences for taking in information that are believed to make learning more effective for learners. Countless learning style frameworks exist, each offering distinct perspectives on how people learn. However, learning styles have also sparked considerable debate among experts regarding their actual impact on learning.
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So, what learning style is best for online learning? This article will look at two learning styles and explore whether incorporating learning styles in e-learning is necessary or not.
Learning Style No. 1: The VARK Model
The VARK model is the most commonly followed approach to understanding different learning styles. VARK is an acronym for the different kinds of learners listed in this approach.
Visual Learners – as the name reflects, visual learners learn best with the help of visual stimuli. Diagrams, charts, tables, color-coded gradients, graphics, animations, and other visual media are the best ways to communicate information to them.
Aural Learners – aural learners or auditory learners are best at processing information by hearing. Listening to lectures, podcasts, audiobooks, and voiceovers are some ways in which they best take in learning material.
Reading Learners – reading learners prefer learning presented in the form of text. Books, papers, written stories, manuals, brochures, presentations, etc. are the best methods to relay information to them.
Kinesthetic Learners – this category of learners needs to engage with information using their bodily senses. In other words, they learn by experiencing and doing things themselves. Performance-based activities, demos, hands-on learning, field tours, etc. are some of the options you have for teaching this type of learner.
Converging Learners – Converging learners like to get to the bottom of new information and figure out its core. They can then use this knowledge and apply it to practical situations. Converging learners, are thus, great problem solvers and have a knack for applying abstract information to the real world.
Accommodating Learners – Accommodating learning is learning by doing. This group of learners is very hands-on and learns best by experiencing rather than dealing with conceptual or theoretical information.
Each of these learning styles has a combination of two out of four learning approaches at its core. These approaches form the processing and perceiving continuum of how our brains handle information. These approaches are:
Concrete experience (hands-on experience)
Reflective observation (observing and thinking about the information)
Abstract conceptualization (forming mental frameworks and models of information)
Active experimentation (applying the information to different situations)
The Need or Lack Thereof of Learning Styles
While VARK focuses on the nature of learning materials that work best for learners, Kolb’s learning styles talk about the cognitive processes that aid learning for different individuals.
Now that we have looked at these two approaches, let us revisit the debate surrounding learning styles. There is skepticism among L&D professionals and educational psychologists regarding learning styles because there is a lack of concrete evidence to suggest that learners learn better when they receive information in their preferred learning styles.
However, the topic goes a bit deeper than that. Despite the lack of evidence, its interpretation is not as black and white within the L&D community. Instead, experts seem to unanimously agree that learning is multimodal.
In other words, while people undoubtedly have modalities that they find easier to process than others, information processing as a function requires several different forms of input to be effective. Learners cannot get the best out of static instructional materials that only cater to one sensory or cognitive modality. A balance of different kinds of input always produces better results.
That is why textbooks have diagrams, videos have voiceovers, screens have animations, and so on. In that sense, learning styles offer a trove of tools and combinations of stimuli that can be used to present the same information in different forms to learners.